Şiran, also Karaca, is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is one of the points of passage between Eastern Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey, in the sense that the western road departing from Erzincan towards the Zigana Pass (the key pass between the two geographies) has its last urban stop in Şiran. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 17,600 of which 8,207 live in the town of Şiran. The district covers an area of 928km2 (358sqmi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,457m (4,780ft).
The name comes from Persian and means "the lions", although it is most likely to be an adaptation of the former Greek name of Cheriana (Χερίανα) adopted after the Turkish settlement in the region after and possibly even slightly before the Battle of Manzikert.
Many of the northern villages of the district was home to minority populations of Pontic Greeks until the 1922 Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations, constituting the southern fringes of that community's extension. Some among the present population can also trace their roots to Greeks who had converted to Islam until as late as the end of the 19th century, as indicated by the Ottoman census and changed village names (for example, the present village of "Evren" was formerly called "Sefker").
Recent archaeological research has pushed back the date of the known origin of wine making in Persia far beyond that which writers earlier in the 20th century had envisaged. Excavations at the Godin Tepe site in the Zagros mountains (Badler, 1995; McGovern and Michel, 1995; McGovern, 2003), have revealed pottery vessels dating from c. 3100–2900 BC containing tartaric acid, almost certainly indicating the former presence of wine. Even earlier evidence was found at the site of Hajji Firuz Tepe, also in the Zagros mountains. Here, McGovern et al. (1996) used chemical analyses of the residue of a Neolithic jar dating from as early as 5400–5000 BC to indicate high levels of tartaric acid, again suggesting that the fluid contained therein had been made from grapes.
As book of Immortal Land Persian:سرزمین جاوید or Sar Zamin e Javid] (by Zabihollah Mansoori) says Ramian wines were world-famous in the Parthian Empire. Ramian Wine is now a California wine brand but Shiraz wines are famous across the globe.
The Central Bank of Iran (CBI) has reportedly begun a pilot for its central bank digital currency (CBDC), also known as “crypto rial.” Iran’s chamber of commerce explained that the ...Crypto rial refers to Iran’s central bank digital currency (CBDC).
Iran’s central bank has started CBDC trials to turn banknotes into programmable currency. The crypto rial will be a digital version of the country’s fiat currency, which could be a game changer for the country’s digital economy ... Iran recently approved a detailed regulatory ...
Iran to launch CBDC on Sept ...The Central Bank of Iran (CBI) is set to launch its digital currency dubbed “Crypto-Rial” by Sept ... The Crypto Rial will be created by converting some Iranian Rail banknotes into cryptocurrency. Canadian Crypto King’s assets confiscated as investors try to recoup millions entrusted to him ... Crypto Market.
This digital currency is said to have exceptional security, which has led Iran to ... According to past Central bank of Iran (CBI) announcements, the crypto-rial, which would be entirely digital and resemble physical banknotes and coins, is expected to become a new national currency.
The Central Bank of Iran (CBI) has finalized plans to launch its digital currency Sept ... The digital currency dubbed “Crypto-Rial” will leverage blockchain technology to turn the Iranian Rial banknotes into cryptocurrency ... currencies globally ... Iran becoming pro-crypto.
Iran cuts monthly gasoline quotas to fight smuggling ... Kordi said government estimates show electricity use by crypto currency miners in Iran is currently around 1.2 to 1.5 GW, adding that the crypto mining in the country had expanded both in terms of size and geographical locations compared with last summer.
A new law from Iran is allowing the use of crypto in the processing of imports, according to semiofficial Iranian news agency Tasnim ... Using crypto rather than fiat currencies is one means to circumvent trade embargoes and sanctions.
Crypto exchange Kraken reportedly under investigation for Iran sanctions breachFast facts ... Crypto analytics firm Elliptic said that 4.5% of ... The Iran central bank said in June that it would launch the pilot of its central bank digital currency (CBDC), the crypto rial, on Aug.
Iran has joined the growing list of countries who are embracing crypto after the Asian nation made its first import with crypto assets valued at $10 million...Last year, the Central Bank of Iran (CBI) allowed licensed miners, currency exchanges, and banks to pay for imports in crypto assets.
Iran Uses Crypto to Place Import Order...The Central Bank of Iran (CBI) announced in August last year that banks and licensed currency exchangers can use cryptocurrency mined by licensed crypto miners in Iran to pay for imports ... What do you think about Iran using crypto to place import orders? Let us know in the comments section below.
Iran has announced its first use of crypto-currencies to settle a trade deal, but U.S. officials are trying to clamp down on Tehran’s use of digital currencies and their volatility is another ever-present risk for the country ... .
Iran has been under several US economic sanctions since 1979... Iran set to fund foreign trades with crypto ... On June 1st, Cryptopolitan reported that the Central Bank of Iran (CBI) proposed the amendment to enable the nation’s cabinet to fund imports through digital currencies. The government or CBI sources the crypto funds from local miners.
The government in Tehran is taking steps in preparation of the launch of Iran’s new digital currency, referred to as the crypto rial ... Quoted by the English-language Iran Front Page news portal, the top executive emphasized that Iran’s digital currency will be different from the decentralized global cryptocurrencies.