Şiran, also Karaca, is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is one of the points of passage between Eastern Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey, in the sense that the western road departing from Erzincan towards the Zigana Pass (the key pass between the two geographies) has its last urban stop in Şiran. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 17,600 of which 8,207 live in the town of Şiran. The district covers an area of 928km2 (358sqmi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,457m (4,780ft).
The name comes from Persian and means "the lions", although it is most likely to be an adaptation of the former Greek name of Cheriana (Χερίανα) adopted after the Turkish settlement in the region after and possibly even slightly before the Battle of Manzikert.
Many of the northern villages of the district was home to minority populations of Pontic Greeks until the 1922 Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations, constituting the southern fringes of that community's extension. Some among the present population can also trace their roots to Greeks who had converted to Islam until as late as the end of the 19th century, as indicated by the Ottoman census and changed village names (for example, the present village of "Evren" was formerly called "Sefker").
Recent archaeological research has pushed back the date of the known origin of wine making in Persia far beyond that which writers earlier in the 20th century had envisaged. Excavations at the Godin Tepe site in the Zagros mountains (Badler, 1995; McGovern and Michel, 1995; McGovern, 2003), have revealed pottery vessels dating from c. 3100–2900 BC containing tartaric acid, almost certainly indicating the former presence of wine. Even earlier evidence was found at the site of Hajji Firuz Tepe, also in the Zagros mountains. Here, McGovern et al. (1996) used chemical analyses of the residue of a Neolithic jar dating from as early as 5400–5000 BC to indicate high levels of tartaric acid, again suggesting that the fluid contained therein had been made from grapes.
As book of Immortal Land Persian:سرزمین جاوید or Sar Zamin e Javid] (by Zabihollah Mansoori) says Ramian wines were world-famous in the Parthian Empire. Ramian Wine is now a California wine brand but Shiraz wines are famous across the globe.
The government in Tehran is taking steps in preparation of the launch of Iran’s new digital currency, referred to as the crypto rial ... Quoted by the English-language Iran Front Page news portal, the top executive emphasized that Iran’s digital currency will be different from the decentralized global cryptocurrencies.
Iran’s Central BankDigitalCurrency has been named as ‘Crypto-Rial.’ The country intends on improving financial inclusion and competing with global stablecoins ... Now this list is the country of Iran, whose CBDC ‘Crypto-Rial’ will be playing a huge role in shifting the country’s financial canvas. Iran’s Crypto-Rial.
Iran makes preparations to launch its digital currency, crypto rial.Bitcoin and Altcoins are no longer regarded as legal currencies in the Islamic nation ... Iran picks crypto rial over Bitcoin for payments. The Islamic Republic of Iran will no longer regard cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin as legal currency.
The Central Bank of Iran (CBI) has said that it issued a notification to domestic banks and credit facilities about the regulatory framework for Iran’s central bank digital currency dubbed crypto-rial ... The crypto-rials will be minted by the Central Bank of Iran, and the institution will decide the maximum supply of the currency.
FreedomConvoy and crypto ...El Salvador is looking to adopt bitcoin as its main currency, while other countries like China and Iran have outright bans on all crypto activity.�Meanwhile, some governments are getting ready to, or have already begun work on, regulating cryptocurrencies.
MILAN (Reuters) – Italy reported 75 coronavirus-related deaths on Saturday against 74 the day before, the health ministry said, while the daily tally of new infections fell to 16,632 from 17,030...Crypto Trading Beginner’s Guide ... Iran currency falls as nuclear talks seem to hit roadblock. Iran walks back all prior concessions in nuclear proposals -U.S.
As US crumbles, list of whom to blame grows. I can’t take it anymore. Looting, carnage, border violations, statue removal, disrespect for the law, guilty until proven innocent, Russia threatening Ukraine. China, Taiwan, North Korea and Iran making nuclear threats; inflation, crypto currencies and toilet paper. Every day is Jan. 6 ... Advertisement ... .
The central bank of Iran is gearing up to begin the pilot phase of its digital currency project in the near future, its new head announced to representatives of local media ... Iran Preps Pilot for SovereignDigitalCurrency ... Do you think Iran will eventually issue its own digital currency? Share your expectations in the comments section below.
The proposed amendment was seen by many as a common sense solution since complying with the tax obligations would create an onerous or even impossible task for many crypto businesses ...Crypto threatens one of the two biggest levers of state power ... to have the dominant world currency than tyrannical states like China, Iran, or Russia.
Against the norm of price slump on weekends and bullish gains on weekdays, Bitcoin is trading at a loss of 4.84% to $33,696.19 ... While China has maintained its stance thus far by banning all crypto related activities, countries like Iran are now exploring avenues to regulate the digital currency space after much hassle to trail China with bans ... ....
Head of Iran’s state electricity company ...Mohammad Hassan Motavallzizadeh said on Sunday that Iran has been facing a “critical electricity situation” mainly because more people had become active in mining crypto currencies through devices smuggled into Iran in recent months.
The Central Bank of Iran (CBI) is to take charge of crypto market oversight within three months of the bill’s adoption ... The lack of comprehensive regulations and various restrictions have impeded the development of Iran’s crypto industry in the past few months.
Several cryptocurrencies plunged to 2-week lows amid a growing digital currency crackdown in several countries including China and Iran... The ongoing crackdown on cryptocurrency mining and trading activities in China and Iran has caused the global crypto market capitalization to ...